Thursday, February 14, 2019

Agriculture open access journals_Lupine Publishers



In recent years both in the republic, and in the CIS and far abroad, the development of stationary systems of low-intensity irrigation, consisting of micro-irrigation, pulse sprinkling of self-oscillating action, aerosol irrigation, combined micro humidification, drip, pulse-drop and others. This is due to the fact that the system of low- intensity irrigation has a number of significant advantages over other methods of irrigation. Especially promising is the creation of automated sprinkling systems with pulsed apparatuses, microincendiaries of the combined, step-type micro-idlers of the rocker type, pulse-dropping devices of self-oscillating action, etc. It should be noted that these systems can reduce the capital costs for their construction, also provide the principle of both "sprinkling” and "drip irrigation” with daily water consumption of plants. That is, to create optimal conditions for the growth and development of plants in the period of their vegetation.


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Wednesday, February 6, 2019

Agriculture-journal_Lupine Publishers



    a. Area: 3,29 thousand km2.
    b. Population: 551,800 people.
    c. Administrative districts: Sumgait city, Absheron and Khizi districts.
    d. Natural resources: sawdust, limestone, cements raw material, quartz, construction sand, balneological resources.
    e. Main areas of the economy: Industrial and agrarian- industrial complex, tourism.
    f. Industrial areas: oil and gas extraction, petrochemicals and chemistry, ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, energy, light and food industries.
    g. Agrarian fields: livestock breeding, poultry farming, sheep breeding, vegetable growing, gardening, vine growing, flowering and dry subtropical fruits. Olive, saffron, pistachio and other products are grown.
    h. Areas of service: Construction, transport, communic ation, tourism and so on.
    i. It is the only economic region with no domestic drinking water. The economic region is provided by drinking water and water pipes from the Samur and Kura rivers.
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Wednesday, January 30, 2019

Agriculture-journal_Lupine Publishers



For several decades both theoretical and empirical economist have shown interest in consumers behavior and regarding consumer's preferences has increased our understanding enormously. This paper is based on the comparative assessment of the demand system selected; the Linear Expenditure System fails to describe consumers demand behavior as specified by Engel's-Law. With the increasing expenditures, inferior commodities lean towards luxuries which are not plausible. So, for food demand analysis the LES is not appropriate. With utility maximizing behavior the Rotterdam is not consistent even if corresponds-to-generally- accepted-empirical-facts-and-is flexible (e.g. the substitutive or complementary relationship among goods and demand description for inferior commodities, necessities and luxuries). The parametric restrictions given by AIDS and Indirect Trans log System, theoretical properties of demand function can be imposed. Both systems depict generally empirical facts and are derived from flexible function from. However, estimation process may become difficult due to relatively high number of independent parameters the Indirect Tans log System. Linear Approximate Almost Ideal Demand System are much simpler in estimation and linear in parameters and therefore, LA/AIDS can be widely applied as basic model for empirical studies.


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Wednesday, January 23, 2019

Determination of Additional Parameters for Screening of Different Tea Cultivars against Shot Hole Borer: Comparative Assessment on Relationship of Plant Growth Parameters with Galleries in the Stem: (CIACR) - Lupine Publishers



Shot whole borer (Xyleborusfornicatus Eichh.) (SHB) is considered as the most serious and economically important pest in tea plantations in Sri Lanka. Present study was done to determine the parameters for screening of different tea cultivars against SHB. Prune time assessments on plant growth parameters of plant breeding trials were used to correlate data on galleries per 30cm in the laboratory bioassay to determine their relationship on SHB infestation in tea. A set of new tea cultivars with known tolerant and susceptible cultivars were used in the study. The regression analysis indicated that the intermodal length, mean number of prune cuts and mean prune weight had a significant positive relationship (P<0.05) with SHB infestation and those could be considered as valid parameters for cultivar screening against SHB in tea. Formulated multiple regression model [Galleriesper 30cm units= (-8.27)+(0.1183 X1)+(1.987 X2), where; X1-mean number of prune cuts, X2-internodal length], was significant (P=0.007) and it explained 56.05% variation of galleries per 30cm (R2=56.05%). Mean number of galleries per 10cm stem had a significant (P<0.05) positive relationship (0.65) and the model explained 41.62% variation of galleries per foot (R2=41.62%).


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Wednesday, January 16, 2019

Effect of Saline Water on Physicochemical Properties of Soil Used in Plastic Nursery Bags of Three Months Olive Sprouted Cuttings under Tunnel Conditions: (CIACR) - Lupine Publishers



The quality of irrigation water has the potential to significantly affect soil structural properties. The study was carried out at NARC Islamabad during August, 2017 to October, 2017 to investigate the effect of saline water on the soil characteristics as well as ionic concentrations in 4 olive varieties i.e. Uslo, Coratina, Carolea and Moraila having 3 months sprouted olive cuttings under different saline water treatments in tunnel. Six levels of saline water were artificially developed (ECw=0,2,4,6,8,10dSm-1). Completely randomized design was applied with three replications. Olive cuttings were irrigated with six saline water three times in a week. Results of this study indicated that soil pH was mentioned no differences with saline water irrigations among three olive varieties. However minute changes in soil pH were noted. Soil ECe was increased as well as the salinity of irrigation water was increased. Soil Na determined increasing trend as the salinity of irrigation water increased. Decreasing trend in soil K was noticed against the increasing of salinity levels by saline irrigation waters. Soil Ca+Mg described the increasing behavior as the salinity of irrigation water increased. Na+ in leaf olive tissues showed increasing behavior as the salinity of irrigation water increased. No difference was observed among three olive varieties. In leaf olive tissues showed increasing trend as the salinity of irrigation water increased. But the increasing trend is very minute as compared to the increase in Na+.


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Wednesday, January 9, 2019

Can Socio-Economic Incentives Improve the Livelihoods of Communities Surrounding Rehabilitated ecosystems? An empirical evidence of Kondoa Rehabilitated Rural Areas, Dodoma, Tanzania: (CIACR) - Lupine Publishers



Communities need motivation in order to effectively and sustainably participate in conserving the surrounding environmental resources. However the contribution of socio-economic incentives towards improving the livelihoods of communities surrounding rehabilitated ecosystems remains scantly known. This study was an attempt to reveal the less known contribution of socioeconomic incentives towards improving the livelihoods of communities surrounding rehabilitated ecosystems drawing empirical evidences from Kondoa Rehabilitated Rural Areas (KRA), Dodoma, Tanzania. The cross-sectional research design was employed. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 30 respondents from each of the four study villages and make a total of 120 respondent households.

https://lupinepublishers.com/agriculture-journal/fulltext/can-socio-economic-incentives-improve-the-livelihoods-of-communities-surrounding-rehabilitated-ecosystems.ID.000115.php
https://lupinepublishers.com/downloadPdf.php?folder=agriculture-journal&file=CIACR.MS.ID.000115

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Saturday, January 5, 2019

Women Participation in Cotton Farming in Simiyu Region, Tanzania: Undefined Paradoxical Praxis: (CIACR) - Lupine Publishers



Cotton stands as one of the key cash crops in the Tanzanian economy and the second largest agricultural export product with over 70%-80% of it being exported. Despite the widely known merits, significances and challenges of integrating gender equality and equity in economic activities, less remains to be known on actual defined participation and contribution of women in cotton farming in Simiyu region, Tanzania. This paper attempted to reveal the existing paradoxical praxis in the course of establishing women contribution in cotton farming in Simiyu region. Specifically, this paper sought to: (a) assess the level of women participation in cotton farming in Simiyu region (b) examine factors affecting women participation in cotton farming in Simiyu region (c) assess the perceived role of women participation in the cotton farming in Simiyu region. The descriptive cross-sectional research design was employed. Simple random sampling technique was used to select a total of 120 respondent households from the selected villages from region's districts namely, Maswa, Meatu, Bariadi, Busega and Itilima. Data were collected using pre-tested and pilot-tested questionnaires, focus group discussions and interviews. Ms-Excel and SPSS 20.0 computer software were used to analyze data. Descriptive statistics were employed to reveal various parameters in the study. The study findings revealed low level of women participation in cotton farming (23.3%) compared to the revealed level of male (76.7%) of the total households involved in the questionnaire survey; suggesting the presence of less number of women who owns lands in the study area. The revealed paradoxical praxis in the study area entails the fact that women who don't stand as households heads don't own piece of land and the whole process of cotton farming.


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Agriculture open access journals_Lupine Publishers

Study of Parameters and Reliability of the Minortress Irrigation System for Work in the Conditions of Mining Farming in Azerbaijan by ...